The healthy wish of her baby is the wish of every mother and father. In the past, it was impossible to know the baby's health before birth. However, thanks to prenatal tests, many things about the baby's health are learned during pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Jinemed Women's Health Center Ultrasonography and Prenetal Diagnosis Specialist Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile answers questions that come to mind akıl
: Is it possible for parents to learn the health of their babies before birth?
Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile Is it a baby girl or a boy? Will he be green-eyed like his grandmother or tall like his grandfather? Will he have his father's math skills or his mother's music ear? These questions are invariable topics of office discussions of family and friend conversations until the end of pregnancy. In these conversations, the only issue that the parents do not dare to talk about is mı Is my baby healthy.? In your mother's and grandmother's pregnancies, this question would remain unanswered until birth. However, today, thanks to prenatal tests, many things about the baby's health can be learned even in the early stages of pregnancy.
: Should all mothers expect prenatal tests?
Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile Prenatal, prenatal tests are not for everyone. However, some expectant mothers should definitely be applied.
• Family members with a history of genetic disease or carriers of such disease
• Those exposed to infection during pregnancy, such as toxoplasmosis, rubella etc.
• Those with previous anomalous (disabled) babies
• Mothers over 35
• Pregnant women with increased risk in screening tests such as double and triple tests
• Prenatal tests are suitable for pregnant women whose anomalies are detected in detailed ultrasonography for screening of the anomaly, such as hole in the heart, cleft palate lip, water accumulation in the brain (hydrocephalus) and the like.
: What are prenatal diagnosis methods?
Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile Prenatal diagnostic methods are divided into two as interventional and noninvasive. Non-invasive ones were double, triple test and ultrasonography; interventional ones include chorionic villus biopsy (placenta biopsy), amniocentesis (amniotic fluid sampling), and cordocentesis (blood collection from the baby).
: What kind of decision is made if the test results are not normal?
Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile In most prenatal diagnostic tests, the result is usually normal. However, in a group of patients whose results are not normal, the diagnosis of anomalies associated with severe mental retardation or physical disability that is incompatible with life is made before birth. With the help of experienced genetic consultants, important decisions about this pregnancy and future pregnancies can be made by informing the family.
: What are the most common problems?
Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile Congenital disability is seen in 3% of births and these anomalies account for 20-30% of childhood deaths. Neurological and psychological disorders and major surgical interventions are more frequently encountered problems in infants with disabilities. 20% of congenital anomalies are genetically inherited diseases, 6% are chromosomal anomalies and 8% are genetic diseases. Prenatal diagnostic tests can be performed on many of these diseases.
: Will there be new developments in prenatal diagnosis in the coming years?
Kiss. Dr. View Deniz's Full Profile Prenatal diagnostic methods are among the rapidly developing areas of medicine. As the developments in genetic science are reflected in every field, the discovery of a new gene every day is most pleasing to us physicians working in the field of prenatal diagnosis. In addition to the standard methods we have described, there are other methods used for prenatal diagnosis either experimentally or clinically. Among these, the preimplantation diagnostic method, which is located in the tube infant and 1-2 cells from the embryo, the diagnostic method and the mother's blood in the baby's cells can be mentioned by the diagnosis method. Neither method can replace the standard diagnostic methods of chorionic villus biopsy, amniocentesis or cordocentesis. However, some genetic and chromosomal disorders can be screened.