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Yes, there are cold medications that are safe to take while you're breastfeeding.
Just be careful, because cold medicines often combine several drugs in one liquid or pill. To limit your baby's exposure, avoid products that tackle more than one symptom or that have more than one active ingredient listed.
Most decongestants are considered safe for breastfeeding, and less than 1 percent of the most commonly used one, pseudoephedrine, ends up in breast milk. One study has suggested that pseudoephedrine might reduce the production of breast milk since it works by constricting blood vessels, which could restrict the blood flow needed for milk production. But this remains to be proven, and after you've been breastfeeding for a month or two and your production is well established, it's unlikely to be altered by pseudoephedrine.
The cough suppressant dextromethorphan has long been used during breastfeeding and is considered safe.
If you need an antihistamine, also used to treat allergies, they are generally considered safe. But keep in mind that so-called first-generation antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) can potentially cause sedation in your baby (just as they can in you), while the second- and third-generation medications such as loratadine (Claritin) and fexofenadine (Allegra) are less likely to. Your pediatrician may have a preference as to which one you try first.
Learn more about the safety of commonly used medications during breastfeeding.