Pregnancy is good news for every family and a new era for each couple. Baby there is no way to compare the positive energy it adds to the family with anything. The events in this long process unborn baby There are many scientific publications that affect. The stress experienced by the expectant mother also affects the unborn baby. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. Hüseyin Mutlu tells the curiosities.
: Does the stress experienced by the expectant mother affect the baby?
Kiss. Dr. Hüseyin Mutlu: Recent studies have shown that there is a direct close relationship between the behavior models of the unborn baby and the movements and behaviors of the newborn. It was found that the mother of the stressed baby had different movements, that these babies sleep less after birth, their sucking capacity is weaker and they have continuous crying seizures. Mothers who have a stressful period have a higher risk of preterm birth.
We know that short-term stress causes weakness, headache, insomnia, loss of appetite or increased appetite. stress if it persists for a long time, stress can suppress immunity and cause infections. It can also cause high blood pressure and sometimes even heart failure.
Pregnant women under high stress premature birth is a scientific fact. Premature babies have more problems in their newborn period. Development of intelligence, learning difficulties and neurological disorders called cerebral palsy are more common in these babies.
: Which Stress Causes Premature Delivery?
Kiss. Dr. Hüseyin Mutlu: Stresses in daily life, work, small problems such as traffic does not cause premature birth. However, it is reported that long-term problems, divorce, loss of a family, loss of work, etc. may cause premature labor. The risk of preterm birth is also high in those who have financial problems and who are under pressure at work.
Premature birth is also common, especially in women who are constantly worried about their health and the health of their babies.
: How does stress cause premature labor?
Kiss. Dr. Hüseyin Mutlu: Stress increases the secretion of hormones such as cortisol and catecholamines from the mother's brain. These hormones cause early release of the hormone CRH, which is secreted by the placenta. As a result, CRH activates substances called prostaglandins, resulting in uterine contractions.
Prolonged stress It may also cause infections that suppress immunity and cause uterine contractions.
Some stressed women also tend to react to stress, such as smoking, alcohol, and some substances. All of these substances are known to cause premature labor.
: How can pregnant women cope with stress?
Kiss. Dr. Hüseyin Mutlu: Pregnancy-related problems such as nausea, vomiting, weakness, frequent urination, bloating and back pain may cause difficulties for mothers. Especially in pregnant women who try to live as if they were not pregnant at the same pace as before, these situations may have difficult moments. It will provide relief for pregnant women to understand that this situation is temporary and that all complaints will go away after pregnancy.
Regular and healthy eating, smoking, alcohol and stay away from irregular life stress It decreases. Regular walks and exercise are also activities that reduce stress.
The greatest support should be given to the mothers who are experiencing stress by their spouses and relatives. The most important support is that the physician who follows them reports that everything is going well with their babies.