Anemia is a common problem especially in women. During pregnancy, the risk of incidence increases due to various risk factors. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Cem Fıçıcıoğlu states that this problem, which is called anemia in medicine, is seen in 50% of mothers.
: What is anemia?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile Anemia means anemia. The necessary oxygen is transported to the body by a protein called hemoglobin inside the red cells. The decrease in the amount of hemoglobin causes anemia. The level of hemoglobin in pregnancy is 10.5 g / 100 ml, which is the lower limit for anemia.
: Why does anemia increase during pregnancy?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile The maternal organism faces an increasing desire for nutrients during pregnancy. Nutritional deficiencies easily lead to anemia. Anemia may occur in 50% of pregnant women.
: What are the possible causes of anemia during pregnancy?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile The most important reason is iron deficiency. The most common cause of iron deficiency anemia is insufficient iron intake. Iron is abundant in animal foods and green leafy vegetables. Folic acid deficiency also causes anemia. Vitamin deficiencies are also among the causes of anemia.
: What are the risk factors?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile Lack of nutrition or malnutrition, multiple pregnancies, consecutive frequent pregnancies,pregnancy bleeding,Pregnancy nausea and vomiting are among the factors that increase the likelihood of anemia during pregnancy.
: What are the symptoms?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile Anemia does not show very easily. For this reason, many people are not aware of anemia problem in itself. However, there are some important symptoms. The pale face during pregnancy, fatigue, loss of appetite, weakness, shortness of breath, and edema are among the biggest symptoms.
: How is it diagnosed?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile anemia Diagnosis is not difficult. Blood is counted for diagnosis. Anemia is diagnosed if the Hb value is less than 10.5 g / 100 ml, the number of erythrocytes is less than 3.5 million, the hematocrit is less than 35, and the serum iron is less than 10.8mmol7l.
: What is the treatment?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile Treatment is planned according to the severity of anemia and gestational month. Generally, oral treatment is preferred in early pregnancy months.
: Does anemia in pregnancy cause complications?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile Iron deficiency aNemisi can cause some problems during pregnancy. The most important of these is the increase in the risk of preterm birth. Due to severe anemia, it was seen that premature births increased 3 times, fetus deaths 2 times and stillbirths increased 6 times.
: How should protection be taken?
Assoc. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile The iron requirement of pregnant women is 1230 grams. In this respect, it is necessary to give an average iron of 1010 gr. In addition to good nutrition, iron supplementation is absolutely necessary.