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Transfer The term is often used for childhood. In adults this disorder is epilepsy is called. Crises with convulsions and contraction “the convulsion (wire transfer) ”.
Those who do not have such symptoms are called “seizures“. 4-5% of people have convulsions once in their lifetime. The most common ages are the first 5 years of life.There are 2 types of sudden-transient-finding-free convulsions or recurrent convulsions (epilepsy).
1) Sudden-transient convulsions:
In infants aged between 6 months and 2 years, fever-induced remittance is quite common. During any febrile illness, baby remittance risk. Because the child's nervous system is not yet fully mature between the age of 6 months and 2 years and is very sensitive.
The chances of repetition are greater, theoretically, any rise in fire can lead to a transfer. But the most important factor is the rapid rise of fever.
Symptoms of remittance
The child suddenly turns yellow, loses consciousness, his body solidifies, his eyes turn, and his limbs and jolts face. After a few minutes the crisis is over, the child breathes out loud, loosens and sleeps. Most of the time, the crisis occurs as a slight stiffening, a few shakes, weak molds, a very brief unconsciousness, and it is impossible to understand that he has had a referral.
In these mild crises, the eyes roll over that the child has lost consciousness It is proof.The appearance of the transfer is frightening but not dangerous. It is necessary to reduce the fever of a child who has been transferred.
The covers should be removed, a 10-minute warm bath should be done, if necessary, the bathroom should be repeated several times, ice bag, wet towel wrapping solutions will also work.
Antipyretics such as paracetamol or aspirin may also be used. (Remember to consult your doctor.)
Watch our video to learn more about fever in children:
As for the doctor, if there is something incomplete, it completes and gives the necessary medication if the crisis is not over. After the crisis has passed, the doctor usually takes the child to the hospital, because some tests are necessary.
In these assays, the cause of the fever is sought. Mostly, the fever is caused by a harmless cause, such as rhinopharyngitis or influenza, but sometimes it can be caused by very serious infections. (urinary tract infection, meningitis, etc.)
Transfer measures should be taken to prevent this from happening again. When the fever develops, it should be acted as stated above and medication should be given against the fever. (In consultation with your doctor.)
In children who have suffered a severe crisis for a long time, the precautions to be taken in case of fever may be insufficient. In such cases, the doctor can give the child up to 1 year of treatment.
This applies to children under 1 year of age who have seizures of 10-15 minutes or children with epilepsy in their families.
The transference crisis is very frightening and even causes the child to be hospitalized. But after the crisis, the child resumes normal life.
For the occurrence of fever-induced remittances that may have such a prognosis, the following criteria are generally applicable:
- Family history of epilepsy
- Previous brain lesion
- First referral before age 1 or after age 4
- Repeated transfer during the same infection
- More than three referral history
- Permanent EEG findings
- Newborn convulsions
Feverless referral is less common and has a very different meaning. Many diseases can cause this. There may be biological causes such as sugar or calcium drop in the blood, as well as the possibility of a brain injury. If there is no cause, these transfers are considered as epilepsy.
2) Chronic repetitive convulsions:
Recurrence of crises similar to the transfer occurs. These crises occur in the absence of fever, as opposed to remittances caused by fever. In these crises, there are no biological reasons such as sugar drop and calcium deficiency.
First, it is sought to see whether there is an organic injury in the brain: Nowadays, MR (Magnetic Resonance) or other imaging tools can find the answer.
If the cause of the saran is not found, it is called primary epilepsy. This type of patient can contract more easily than normal people, which is a structural problem.
Crises of Sara children can be seen in various ways. The most common form is a complete epilepsy crisis: the child suddenly loses consciousness, his body tightens, and then convulsions begin, the eyes are steady and overturned, the breath becomes clogged. After a few seconds, the crisis is over, the patient starts to breathe loudly, all the muscles of the child relax and sometimes they lose urine. Then the child sleeps and when he wakes up he remembers nothing about the crisis.
Half seizures occur in the form of sudden contraction or loosening of the eyes, a few concussions.
Limited crises, on the other hand, only contractions on the face, consciousness is in place. The child can't talk, but he hears.
There are also crises at the time of sleeping or waking up.Various crises are seen by age. Three-year-old babies have a few seconds of loss of consciousness, called absans. Between 3 and 3.5 months, so-called lu flexed spasms kriz are serious and require immediate treatment.
The child who has had a seizure will be under the control of a doctor. But it is necessary to know that the epilepsy in children is no longer a cure for life-long drugs. Some cases may be both harmless and temporary.
Some forms are serious and progressive. Since it is difficult to balance with treatment, they should be followed by doctors who are experts in this field. If the crisis does not occur for three years, the doctor gradually discontinues the medication.During treatment, medicines should not be interrupted even for one day and should not be discontinued without the consent of the physician.
Some crises are caused by constant light (TV screen, video games, computers, etc.). These children need to have a very regular life, especially not to be deprived of sleep.
In addition, the child should maintain a normal school life and should not be overprotected. They should be taught in normal classes with their peers. In some difficult situations, the child and his / her family may need psychological support. Children can participate in normal play and sports activities. Under the control provided that the sport can also swim.
Mostly, epileptic children develop in a normal and harmonious manner in terms of emotional and psychomotor aspects.
Healthful days, wish you many years.