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What You Need to Know About Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection; women, men or children, everyone can experience a period of discomfort. It is more common in women.
Such that; Every woman has a urinary tract infection at least once in her life. There are simple methods of treatment for this condition, which starts with complaints such as burning sensation, pain, itching while urinating. However, if there is no timely intervention, kidney and may be difficult to treat.
Therefore, with some measures urinary tract infections and you can protect yourself.
So, what do you need to know about urinary tract infections, symptoms, causes and ways of prevention?
What is Urinary Tract Infection?Urethra; urethra, bladder, ureter and kidney is a system for expelling urine. For a variety of reasons, this system is caused by the proliferation of bacteria and urinary tract infection occurs as a result.
This infection is named in two ways, depending on the region in which it occurs:
- Lower urinary tract infection: Infections occur in the bladder region. With another name 'cystitis' name. It is easier to treat.
- Upper urinary tract infection: This is the condition where the infection progresses to the upper part of the urinary tract and reaches the kidney. With another name 'Pyelonephritis' also called.
A longer and longer treatment may be needed than cystitis.
Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms
As with many diseases, some symptoms are observed when urinary tract infection occurs. According to these symptoms, it is possible to have an idea as to whether the infection caused by the proliferation of bacteria in the urinary tract can progress to the kidneys.
If you feel urine with burning and itchiness, you notice bad smell, dark and blurred images in your urine, you often want to urinate and feel that you cannot empty your bladder completely and you still have urine, infection in your urinary system may have started.
Sign of urinary tract infection The most common complaints are as follows;
- Pain and burning when urinating
- Swelling of the lower abdomen and the resulting pressure and discomfort
- Smelly urine
- Darkening of urine color and in some cases, blood
- Nausea and vomiting
- The desire to urinate continuously
- Urinary incontinence
- Perpetual feeling of urine
- Turbid urine
Some of these symptoms, pyelonephritis is pointing. If the symptoms of fever, nausea, vomiting, weakness and low back pain are accompanied by other symptoms, the infection may reach the kidneys.
What are the causes of infection?
There are many reasons for the occurrence of urinary tract infections. These are the bacteria that occur in this region that cause infection and these bacteria grow faster under certain conditions and cause the complaints to increase.
- Frequent use of different outside toilets makes it easier for you to get infected.
- Hygienic pads used by women during menstrual periods are very suitable for the reproduction and growth of bacteria.
- Sexually active people have a higher risk of infection.
- It is easier for bacteria to grow in people who frequently enter the pool and sea.
- Personal cleaning, especially genital cleansing infection may occur.
- Prolonged urination can lead to infection. Bacteria in the urine held in the urinary tract can grow rapidly and cause infection. In addition, because the urine is frequently involved, the muscles in this area weaken, preventing full urination.
- Cold weather can cause urinary tract infection. Particularly in winter, when the feet and legs are not kept warm, the veins in the legs narrow, causing a decrease in blood supply to the bladder and a decrease in resistance there.
- Not consuming enough fluids can also cause urinary tract infection. In the absence of fluid, the bladder and urinary tract cannot be cleaned sufficiently. In addition, the concentration of urine increases the lack of fluid and accelerates the formation of bacteria.
Bacteria are easier to develop in the presence of certain diseases and in special periods:
- Diabetes can cause urinary tract infections. The high amount of sugar in the urine provides a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria.
- Prostate or kidney patients have a higher risk. In both cases, bacterial growth is accelerated as urinary obstruction may occur and urine remains in the bladder for a long time.
- Kidney stones can cause urinary tract obstruction and cause infection.
- It is easier for pregnant women to develop urinary tract infection. Especially in the last months of pregnancy, when the baby presses on the bladder, congestion begins to occur. In addition, bacterial growth can be accelerated as pregnancy hormones slow down urinary tract movements.
- The presence of structural deterioration in the urinary tract can lead to infections.
- Women after menopause decrease in estrogen levels Due to vaginal dryness begins, the elasticity of the urinary tract is lost. This facilitates bacterial growth.
If urinary tract infection does not pass during pregnancy, will it harm the baby? You can watch our video.
Who is in the Risk Group?
Some people with the conditions caused by infection, urinary tract infection they are more risky to survive and are more likely to develop this condition:
- People who often enter the sea-pool
- Prostate patients
- Diabetic patients
- pregnant women
- Women after menopause
- Sexually active women
- People who consume less liquid
- People who keep their urine for a long time
- Urinary structural disorders
- Not paying attention to genital hygiene
How is Urinary Tract Infection Treated?
When the risk groups and causes are large and versatile, the first question that comes to mind for people who have infection with the urinary tract is'how urinary tract infection passes? ' It is the question.
The treatment of this disease is simple if administered without delay. Antibiotic medication is generally used for urinary tract infections. An antibiotic treatment lasting from 3 days to a week may be sufficient.
First of all, it is necessary to determine the type of infection and its location. Is the lower urinary tract infection or upper urinary tract After determining whether it is effective, treatment can be decided.In the case of infections affecting the lower urinary tract, ie cystitis, oral antibiotic medication for 3-7 days is administered and pain relief and antiseptic solutions are given as a support.
However, if the infection reaches the upper urinary tract and starts to affect the kidneys, treatment can be continued by hospitalization. At this stage, treatment of urinary tract infections it will last longer and intravenous antibiotics are administered.
In addition, people urinary tract infection when seen, treatment should be started immediately by contacting a doctor;
- pregnant in
- Elderly over 65 years
- Renal disease
- In immunocompromised persons
- Diabetic patients
Ways to Prevent Urinary Tract Infection
It is possible to prevent urinary tract infections by simple measures;
- To make the urine regular without holding for a long time
- Taking care of genital cleansing
- Consume plenty of fluids, at least a day Drink 2 liters of water
- Pool-after-sea urination and changing wet swimsuits
- Urination before and after sexual intercourse
- Keeping feet and legs warm in cold weather
- Pay attention to hygiene when using outside toilet
- Taking care of cleaning the toilet from front to back
- Taking care of standing shower instead of sitting
- Changing your underwear frequently
- Changing pads frequently during menstrual periods
- Ironing your underwear
If you are careful to take the above precautions urinary tract infections your risk will be significantly reduced. However, if you have an infection, it is very important that you begin treatment immediately by consulting a doctor before your time and infection progresses.