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Pregnant women always worry about something. Is the air we breathe is dirty or the water we drink is clean? Can my wife smoke or drink coffee this morning can harm my baby's health? What about my x-ray at the dentist? Such concerns can make pregnancy unnecessarily annoying. But information; it both helps you get rid of them and increases the likelihood of having a healthy baby. your Pregnancy If you want to avoid damaging your baby during pregnancy, please take a look at the following.
Second month of pregnancy often because we are unaware that you are pregnant; if we know it, we will do things without knowing. Drinking too much during pregnancy has been shown to cause many problems in the baby. This is not surprising given that the amount of alcohol entering the bloodstream of the baby is approximately equal to the concentration of alcohol in the mother's blood and that the mother shares the alcohol in her infant. The time it takes to remove alcohol from the body is twice the mother's size. So the mother is enjoying the light gosh, the baby is drunk
Heavy alcohol intake during pregnancy (5-6 glasses of wine, beer, raki per day) causes serious birth complications as well as infant-related alcohol syndrome. In this case, the baby is smaller than normal and is usually mentally disabled. The head, face, arms, legs and central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) have many structural disorders. In addition, the mortality rate in these infants is high in the newborn period (first 28 days after birth). The infant then develops problems related to educational, behavioral and social adjustment in childhood.
The risk of continuing to drink depends on the dose, the more you drink, the more harm you will inflict on your baby. Even moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy (1-2 glasses per day) can lead to a variety of serious problems such as increased risk of miscarriage, low birth weight and complications during delivery. When children grow up, they affect their behavior, learning abilities and adaptation to their environment.
Some women may have a mild baby during pregnancy, for example, but have a healthy baby while drinking a glass at night. However, there is no guarantee. The safe dose of alcohol during pregnancy is not known, if any. If you have made it customary to buy a cocktail to relieve your tiredness at the end of the day or to drink a glass of wine at dinner, maybe this is the right time to change your lifestyle. If you are getting a drink to unwind, you can choose other methods such as music, massage, warm bath, sports, reading.
No matter how long you drink before pregnancy, there is no clear evidence that smoking can harm the developing baby. but smoking cigarette during pregnancy it gives precise and documented damages. Smoking causes miscarriage and stillbirth in pregnancy and is more common in mothers who smoke in various complications. These include vaginal bleeding, abnormal placenta placement, premature separation of the placenta, premature rupture of the sac and premature delivery.
The most common effect of smoking is low birth weight. In industrialized countries, smoking is responsible for one third of small born babies. Low birth weight, on the other hand, increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in babies.
There are other potential risks of smoking. Babies whose mothers smoke are more likely to have apnea. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is twice as high as that of non-smoker mothers. In addition, babies of mothers who generally smoke are not as healthy as those who do not smoke. There is evidence that the growth of these babies cannot keep up with the growth of the babies of non-smoker mothers, has long-term physical and mental defects and is hyperactive.
In one study, it was shown that the children of mothers who smoked during and after pregnancy were more susceptible to respiratory diseases, were shorter than other children, and had lower school success. Carbon monoxide poisoning that causes all these side effects; It is the high rate of carbon monoxide in the mother's blood that passes to the baby through the placenta and the baby receives less oxygen. When you smoke, your baby is imprisoned in a smoke-filled uterus, and your heart beats faster. Worst of all, it cannot grow and develop.
The news isn't always bad. Some studies show that women who stop smoking early in pregnancy (should be before the 4th month) reduce the risk of harm to the baby to the same level as non-smoking mothers. It is much better to have it earlier, but even in the last month, quitting smoking helps maintain oxygen flow to the baby during childbirth. For some women, quitting smoking is very easy as a sudden disgust develops during pregnancy. If you are not so lucky, you can try other methods or even hypnosis.
Most people experience withdrawal symptoms when they quit. These symptoms and intensities vary from person to person. The most common are longing for smoking, irritability, anxiety, restlessness, numbness in hands and feet, dizziness, fatigue, sleep and gastrointestinal disorders. Some people initially experience a reduction in both physical and mental strength. All these are temporary situations and you can do something to reduce them. Avoid coffee because it may increase your irritability. Let your mind rest for a few days, do things that do not require mental effort, go to the movies or where smoking is prohibited. The negative effects of smoking cessation last from a few days to a few weeks, but the benefit will continue for you and your baby for life.
Smoking affects not only the smoker, but everyone around him. This includes the mother with the developing baby in the womb. Therefore, your spouse, home-living or co-worker who works at the next table will be almost as impressed as you smoke. If your partner says he will not quit smoking, you can at least tell him to smoke outside the house or away from you and your baby. Quitting smoking is, of course, much better for both her own health and the long-term health of the baby after birth. Studies have shown that smoking of the mother or father causes respiratory problems and impaired lung development in children.
Caffeine is found in beverages such as coffee, tea, cola and the caffeine that the mother receives passes through the placenta and enters the baby's bloodstream. The effect of caffeine on humans and the developing baby is not clear yet. However, one of the most recent studies has shown that 2 cups of coffee equivalent a day doubles the risk of caffeine. Mother-to-be it is wise not to drink coffee until the information at hand increases.
There are caffeinated coffee, tea, or other additional reasons for quitting. Above all, they also have diuretic effect, removing the liquid and calcium necessary for the health of mother and baby from the body. If you have frequent urination problems, coffee will increase it.
Second, coffee and tea are obstructive, especially when used with cream and sweeteners, and may clog your appetite for the nutrients you need. Cola is not only occlusive but also contains some chemicals and unnecessary sugar.
Third, caffeine can increase normal mood swings during pregnancy and prevent you from getting enough rest.
Fourth, caffeine can prevent the absorption of iron that you and your baby need.
Some studies have shown that excessive caffeine consumption may result in abnormal heart rate, rapid breathing, newborn tremors, and development of diabetes in later life.
How to get rid of your caffeine habit
The first step is that you have a motivation to quit. This is easy in pregnancy because the goal is to have a healthy baby. Secondly, you need to determine why you are fond of caffeine and find out what you can replace to meet your need. If you like the taste of coffee or tea and a hot drink attracts you, you can choose decaffeinated ones. But the healthiest of all is to consume 100% pure fruit juices instead. If you need caffeine stimulation, you can get more natural and longer-acting stimulation and good food from doing something that will revive you (dancing, running, walking). You will certainly feel bad for a few days after you stop caffeine, but then you will feel better than ever.
Caffeine is an addictive substance, and those who suddenly quit have symptoms of headache, irritability, fatigue, and drowsiness. It is therefore wise to stop caffeine slowly. By reducing your cup a little more each day, you will eventually be able to never drink.
Pay Attention to These Suggestions
- Do not allow your blood sugar and energy levels to fall. Eat foods rich in protein and mixed carbohydrates in small portions and frequently.
- Exercise every day.
- Get your sleep. This will be easier than decaf.
The safety of x-rays taken during pregnancy is a complex issue, but it is very rare for these diagnostic films to harm the baby. Three factors determine whether radiation from X-rays will damage it. First; is the amount of radiation. Serious damage to the fetus and infant occurs only in very high doses (50-250 rad). As contemporary x-ray instruments rarely emit more than 5 rad beams, there is usually no problem.
The second factor is when the beam is received. Even at very high doses there is no risk of tissue being affected before the egg is placed in the uterus. There is a risk of damage to the central nervous system early in the development of the baby's organs (3-4 weeks after fertilization) and throughout pregnancy. But this happens only in high doses.
The third factor is that the uterus is actually exposed to the beam. Today's x-ray devices determine the desired area well and protect the other areas from radiation. .
But of course, no matter how small, there is no reason to take unnecessary risks. For this reason, it is generally recommended to postpone non-urgent X-rays until after birth. Since the baby is unlikely to be harmed by x-rays, the mother should not be given an X-ray for her health and should not be compromised.
Pregnancy Minor damage to X-rays during operation can be minimized by following the rules below.
- Be sure to tell the doctor that you are pregnant.
- Do not have an X-ray during pregnancy unless it is absolutely necessary.
- Do not X-ray if a more reliable diagnostic procedure can be used instead.
- If x-rays are necessary, make sure that they are taken in a qualified and reliable center.
- Carefully listen to the technician's warnings and ensure that the shot does not repeat, especially taking care not to move during shooting.
- Best of all, if you need to have an X-ray, don't worry about the potential damage. Remember that the baby is in even greater danger, even if you forget to fasten your seat belt.
It will be an unpleasant surprise for regimens, but sweeteners used in place of sugar are seldom useful in maintaining weight. Even if weight control is achieved with these sweeteners, expectant mothers are advised to be careful when using them. Unfortunately, there is not enough research on the use of saccharin in pregnancy. Animal experiments have shown that the intake of this substance by pregnant women leads to cancer development in offspring. Since sweeteners cross the placenta in humans and are excreted very slowly from the tissues in the baby, it is wise not to use saccharin before and during pregnancy.
On the other hand, studies have shown that the use of aspartame (nutrasweet) as a sweetener during pregnancy has no detrimental effect. Most physicians may allow the use of this sweetener in moderate amounts during pregnancy. However, aspartame sweeteners do not have the nutritional value of many products to be added to the pregnant women to be selective.
The most reliable sweets during pregnancy are natural fruit and juices. Filling your stomach with diet drinks instead of more nutritious desserts and drinks will not help you.
Household Cleaning Products
Many cleaning products have been in use for many years, and a connection between clean houses and birth defects has not yet been established. No study has yet shown that inhalation of occasional cleaning agents has a detrimental effect on the developing baby. If you have been exposed to cleaning products, do not worry about it, but do a reasonable cleaning for the remainder of your pregnancy.
Observe the following warnings;
- If the product has strong odor and smoke, do not breathe directly. Use in a well-ventilated place or not at all.
- Use pumped sprays instead of aerosols.
- Never combine chlorinated products with ammonia (even when not pregnant) as this mixture may produce lethal fumes.
- Avoid using oven cleaner and stain remover products that are labeled as toxic.
- Use rubber gloves when cleaning, this not only protects your hands, but also prevents the absorption of toxic chemicals from the skin.
- When cleaning, always take care to ventilate your environment.
Lead during pregnancy
In recent years, lead has been known to cause mental retardation in children who have swallowed paint pieces for many years. Pregnant women and her baby It was also discovered to affect. Excessive exposure to this metal increases the risk of high blood pressure in pregnant women and may even cause miscarriage. It causes severe behavioral and neurological problems in the baby, ranging from minor birth defects.
Fortunately, protection from lead exposure is very easy, as well as the problems it causes. Since drinking water is the main source of lead, make sure your water is unleaded. Since the paint of your house may also contain lead, stay away from the house if the paint of your house is scratched for any reason. Another source is food contaminated with lead from ceramic, porcelain or pottery. If you have doubts about an antique plate or jug, do not store food in it.
Insecticides in Pregnancy
Although some insects may seem a threat to you, they are not actually a danger to pregnancy. But the drugs you use to destroy them are a greater danger for your baby. If your area has been newly sprayed, do not go out until the smell disappears. Close your windows. If your apartment is being sprayed and you cannot postpone it, close the doors and windows of your own home tightly. Tightly close the kitchen cabinets and cover the food prepared section. Stay away from the apartment for a day or two and when you get home, often open the windows and ventilate.
If possible, fight insects in the natural way. Do not panic immediately if you have been accidentally exposed to insecticide. Short-term and indirect exposure does not immediately harm your baby. Go to the open air and breathe deeply.
N What awaits you while you wait for your baby ” from the book.