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Baby Allergy Attention!
If your newborn baby is crying constantly, experiencing troubled moments due to gas pains and cannot gain weight, you should stop and evaluate this situation. Because these symptoms can be seen in almost all babies sometimes milk allergy indicator.
Memorial Hospital Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Gökçe Günbey,gave information about milk allergy seen in infants.
Cow Milk Allergies can also be seen in babies who are breastfed!
In infancy The most common food allergy is “milk allergy” or ek cow's milk allergy.. It is an allergic reaction of the body to proteins in cow's milk (especially beta-lactalbumin).
Just as cow milk can be given directly to the baby, breast milk It may also occur as a result of the passage of foods containing cow's milk in the mother's diet to the baby through breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding Mother Should Pay Attention to Nutrition
Children with cow's milk allergy often develop cross-allergies to goat's milk and soy milk. This issue should be taken into consideration when advising the baby and the mother.
You can review our article on Breastfeeding Nutrition Advice by clicking the link below.
// www. / Breast-feeding-the-eras onerileri /
Sometimes in the first 6 months, sometimes older children can develop allergies!
The symptoms vary according to the baby and the severity of the allergy. While some infants have only one symptom, some may have more than one.
Clinical findings are usually starting in the first 6 months together, sometimes later.
The main symptoms are:
- Excessive crying in the first months and serious gas
- Vomiting after feeding and weight gain due to this
- Bloody and slimy defecation and sometimes constipation
- Itchy skin rash and itchy skin rashes
- A persistent wheezing, coughing, nasal congestion
- Recurrent bronchitis and / or bronchiolitis attacks
- Anaphylaxic shock (very rare, cow's milk protein immediately after ingestion (no later than the first hour).
Skin rash, swelling of the face, tongue and mouth, breathing due to respiratory edema difficulty and drop in blood pressure is a shock table.
Genetic Factors Important
The connection between the baby's symptoms and cow's milk should be discussed with the family and a family history of allergy should be investigated. Based on physical examination findings and family history, further diagnostic methods can be applied to babies with cow's milk allergy.
Three methods are used for diagnosis.
• Skin test: can be done at any age, Reliability 95% Truck.
• Detection of cow's milk-specific antibodies (cow's milk-specific-Ig-E) is 90% reliable.
• Elimination method: Cow milk foods are not given to the baby for a while. During this period, the symptoms are expected to disappear.
After the symptoms have passed, cow's milk is retried. The reappearance of symptoms will support cow's milk allergy.
Coconut Milk Instead of Cow Milk
In infants fed with breast milk, the milk and milk products consumed by the mother pass to the baby through breastfeeding and cause allergies. In this case, breastfeeding is continued, but the mother's diet dairy products complete removal is recommended.
In order to protect the mother from calcium deficiency, medical support should be offered and dietitian-guided nutrition should be regulated.
Since soy protein and goat milk allergy may be present in babies with cow milk allergy, this group of products should be removed from the mother's diet.
Vegetable oils should be preferred instead of butter and margarine, cream, milk powder, milk biscuits, milk pastas should be avoided.
Coconut milk can be used instead of cow's milk.
Milk the product label must be read carefully when purchasing. Foods containing casein, caseinate, sodium and / or calcium caseinate and lactalbumin should be avoided.
Medication may be needed from time to time!
The main principle of treatment is to avoid allergen. Breastfed baby will be treated by removing milk and milk products from the mother's diet. In addition, the baby may need to be given medication until the allergy disappears.
Special Foods Should Be Preferred!
In infants fed with formula, foods without cow's milk protein should be preferred. These foods can be considered in 3 groups:
- Soy-based foods: For babies with cow's milk allergy Soy protein in 17-47% can also develop allergies. In addition, soy-based foods are not suitable for feeding infants under 6 months. Therefore, soy-based foods should not be the first choice in cow's milk allergy.
- Fully hydrolyzed formulas: Proteins are broken down by special processes and their allergic properties are destroyed. The tastes are not very good. It is the first choice of food for cow's milk allergy.
- Amino acid-based formula: Unresponsive to fully hydrolyzed formula 10% of cases must be used.
Adapts to Cow's Milk as the Baby Grows!
A cow with an allergy to cow's milk is not given foods containing cow's milk and cow's milk-based foods for 12-18 months. At the end of this period, cow milk is started again and it is observed whether the symptoms occur.
The time to start to tolerate cow's milk varies from infant to infant. children 56% in 1 year, 77% in 2 years, 87% in 3 years tolerance to cow's milk is developing.
The more we can eliminate cow's milk from diet and protect the baby from this allergen, the sooner the development of tolerance and healing process will occur.
Breast Milk Nutrition is Important in Preservation
As in all diseases, cow milk allergy prevention is very important. Breastfeeding is essential in preservation.
Breast milk not only protects infants from allergic asthma, but also plays a protective role in food allergies, especially cow milk allergy.
For the first 6 months, feeding the babies only with breast milk, introducing the baby as late as possible with allergen 12-18 months not giving cow's milk would be the right approach to protection.