Pregnant women during the winter months of the process, the risk of contagious disease is more exposed. In this period, taking some precautions to strengthen the immune system, protection from diseases and a healthy pregnancy and birth process is of great importance. Memorial Ataşehir Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Op. Dr. Firat Tülek, the mothers of the winter season to make suggestions for comfort.
Eat enough tangerines, pineapples and dates
Winter fruits and vegetables, which contain plenty of vitamins and minerals, play a major role in the healthy nutrition and development of the mother and therefore the baby. During the winter months, it is necessary to consume sufficient and regular amounts of each nutrient group in order to meet daily vitamin, protein, mineral and carbohydrate requirements. Vegetables and fruits such as tangerines, pineapples, raspberries, dates, kiwis, lemons, tomatoes, avocados, grapes, which increase the defense power against infectious diseases by supporting the immune system, should be preferred in snacks.
Fish should be consumed for 2 times the calcium requirement
Calcium requirement doubles as normal as it passes from mother to baby during pregnancy. For this, it is recommended to consume plenty of fish during the winter season, which is quite rich in terms of fish. The omega 3 fatty acids in fish are important for the development of the baby's brain and nervous system. Fish naturally contain vitamin D. Consumption of deep water products such as mussels and swordfish should be avoided as it contains a lot of heavy metal. The safest seafood to be consumed during pregnancy; anchovy, mackerel, horse mackerel, bonito are surface living fish. It is recommended not to consume raw fish and canned foods during pregnancy. It is recommended that the fish be eaten by steaming or grilling rather than frying.
Support fluid intake with milk and sugar-free compote
Pregnant mothers should take plenty of fluids during this period and reduce salt consumption. In winter, the feeling of thirst may not be much; however, in cold weather, it is necessary to drink 2 liters of water a day to keep body water in balance. Milk, freshly squeezed fruit juices and compote can also be drunk to support fluid intake. Sugar content in the compote should be reduced as much as possible. Otherwise, weight gain may be accelerated.
Polluted air will harm the baby
During the winter months when influenza infections increase, cold weather and indoors also invite the disease. Inadequately ventilated areas and crowded environments can both prepare the ground for the spread of infectious diseases more easily and also harm the baby in terms of creating air pollution. Houses also need frequent ventilation. Again, it would be beneficial to take measures to humidify the air dried in the homes by heating. In addition, expectant mothers should definitely be avoided from smoking environments.
Choose cotton clothes to prevent fungi
In the winter season, mothers should prefer cotton and soft wool clothes in layers rather than one piece of thick clothing. Synthetic garments should not be worn to prevent excessive sweating and fungal infections. Particularly air permeable garments should be preferred and excessive sweating should be avoided. Shoe selection is also an important issue for mothers. Suitable shoes should be worn on slippery surfaces such as snow and ice. Instead of heels; flat, rubber soles and deep serrated shoes should be preferred.
Cracked skin can cause infections
During pregnancy, the skin needs more care because it is more sensitive. In cold weather, especially the face and hands, the skin will dry and crack, and these cracks may increase the risk of infection. Therefore, instead of cold water in hand and face wash, warm water should be preferred and plenty of moisturizer should be used. Care should be taken to apply moisturizer every day.
Stay as far away as possible from kissing and shaking hands
In winter, infectious diseases such as influenza, colds, colds and upper respiratory tract infections increase. For this reason, expectant mothers should avoid shaking hands and kissing as much as possible, even if they are family members. Because most of these diseases are transmitted by close contact such as handshaking, kissing and hugging. Pregnant mothers should take care of her more than ever during her pregnancy. It should not be considered that handshaking will not cause any harm. Infections may come into their hands by handshaking. Hands should be washed with plenty of water and soap as often as possible.
Walk 1 hour outdoors every day
Pregnant mothers should not close themselves to the house as an excuse for cold weather. Steady in the house with the cooling of the air can cause weight gain and circulation problems. In winter, one hour of outdoor walking every day will make the mothers feel better both physically and psychologically, although they benefit less from the sun.