Can your child hear you?

Can your child hear you?

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Hearing loss is often unnoticed in this age group, since young children and infants cannot tell about hearing problems. Hearing loss, which cannot be prevented, causes delays in children's speech as well as social, emotional problems and school failure. Acibadem Hospital Kadikoy Ear - Nose - Throat Diseases Experts "At the same time, early detection of the necessary intervention and some causes of reversible hearing loss, future hearing loss or life-threatening infections may cause serious problems," he says.

The most common cause of hearing loss in childhood is effusion otitis media (EOM), which is observed as fluid accumulation without signs of infection behind the intact eardrum. Although this disorder is very common, it is a silent problem and often overlooked and causes significant problems over time.

Middle Ear Inflammation

EOM is caused by a loss of function of the eustachian tube, which provides ventilation and drainage of the middle ear due to various factors. The most common cause is inflammation of the middle ear. Experts say: sıvı In all acute middle ear infections, fluid is collected in the middle ear, but this fluid disappears over time. Following acute inflammation, middle ear fluid may remain in 10 percent of patients for approximately 3 months. Fluid accumulation in the middle ear after 3 months is considered as EOM. "

Spring is Dangerous

Weakness of the body defense system in infants without breast milk increases the possibility of infection. In particular, the use of a bottle lying in the supine position EOM'a because of milk escaping into the Eustachian channel. Of course, this disease is not only seen in babies. Approximately 50-70 percent of preschool children are considered to have had at least one EOM. Ear infections are always a threat to children. However, at one point, experts warn families: “In the spring, children with seasonal allergies may experience increased swelling of the nose and eustachian canal due to allergic reactions, or the middle ear reacts directly to the allergen. OM

March and April for children with tree pollen and fungi allergy, meadow pollen allergy, May July, and weed allergy in late August is considered the most risky periods. Those who are allergic are advised to pay attention to these months.

Disrupts Speech

EOM usually improves spontaneously but causes serious problems in unrecognized cases. The most important of these problems is hearing loss. Such a loss causes problems in perception and thus language development and affects school success. Moreover, the inability to detect consonant letters such as “s” “z konuşma leads to speech disorders.

Experts give the following information about the other effects: kulak EOM collapse, cellization, adherence to the middle ear structures, degeneration of the middle ear structures, eruption of the eardrum, or severe bone-melting infections can rarely develop. "

Smoking Is Harmful

Antibiotics are used first in the treatment. In case of prolonged cases, in addition to medical treatment, methods such as not sending the child to kindergarten or daycare, protection from cigarette smoke and vaccination against viral and bacterial infections are applied.

“In patients who do not respond to treatment, surgical interventions may be necessary, especially if significant hearing loss, balance disorder, ear-ear collapse or structural changes or nerve-type hearing loss are detected. Uzman As with all diseases, parents have great duties in this regard.

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