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What should be considered in the nutrition of children one year and before? (2nd)

What should be considered in the nutrition of children one year and before? (2nd)


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Issues to be Considered When Giving Additional Nutrition

• Since the baby's digestive system has not yet developed enough to grind solid foods, it starts at the earliest 4 months.
• New foods start when the mother and baby are not tired.
• Food should be prepared and started in a pleasant time when the baby is not tired.
• Hands should be washed before preparing food and feeding the baby. Make sure that the tools and equipment to be used are clean.
• Each new food should be started in small amounts, at least 3-5 days apart, and gradually increased. Thus, when an undesirable reaction occurs, it can be easily determined which food it is from.
• Foods to be given for the first time should be tried when the baby is hungry.
• All kinds of food to be given to the baby should be prepared fresh and natural.
• The nutrients should be gradually passed from soft foods to solids.
• When the baby starts new food, he may find it different and refuse. When the baby does not want to eat persistently, it should not be forced and should try again after a break of 1-2 weeks.
• The amount of food to be eaten during meals should be left to the baby.
• Prepared foods should not be left at room temperature for more than 2 hours.
• It should not be alarmed to know that there may be some changes in the poo after each new food.
• In order to facilitate swallowing and to prevent food from escaping into the lungs, additional foods should be fed in the baby's upright position or in a highchair.

Foods Not Recommended at an Early Age

• Cow milk
• Egg white
• Honey
• Candy
• Salt
• Tea
• Fats
• Bacon, sausage, salami, sausage
• Offal such as brain, kidney
• Food water, bone water (no determinant value)
• Prepared fruit juices, cola drinks
• Foods that have been added dye, sweetener or aroma.
• Spicy, spicy, raw or undercooked or barbecued meat dishes and meatballs
• Nuts, peanuts, small nuts such as kernels

7-9 Month Infant Sample Nutrition Program

Morning mealBreast milk
And / or breakfast
INTERMEDIATE MEALJuice or puree
LUNCHBreast milk
Vegetable food or soup
Meat products or cereals, legumes
THE SECOND MEALYoghurt
EVENING MEALBreast milk
And / or custard
And / or spoon, jar food
IF BEFORE SLEEP and / or NIGHT WAKEBreastfeeding
MOM MILK CAN BE GIVEN FREQUENTLY WITHOUT MEATING.

Breastfeeding And Breast Milk

Breastfeeding is the natural way to feed your baby's ideal food in your milk. Breastfeeding within the first 48 hours is important for milk adequacy. Because milk continues to increase as you breastfeed. The nutritional content of breast milk varies from mother to mother, from day to day and from nutrition to nutrition, depending on the period of the milk. You should not be disturbed during breastfeeding.

How to breastfeed?
Lay your baby on your lap, caress your baby's cheek with your nipple while supporting your breast with your hand. With your mouth open, your baby will rotate to hold your nipple and most of the ring. You should put the whole red part in your baby's mouth. Give one of your breasts first and then the other as long as your baby wants. Gently push your finger between your nipple and your baby's mouth to end or stop sucking.
At the end of breastfeeding, always remove the gas in the upright position. At the end of breastfeeding, leave the nipples with your own milk. Wash with soapy water once a day.

Superior Characteristics of Breast Milk

1. Can meet all needs of the baby alone in the first 6 months
2. It is the most suitable feeder that can change according to the baby's age and physiological characteristics.
3. It is a positive factor for mental development between mother and child
4. It is sterile, it can be given under all conditions in any environment, it has no pollution and deterioration problem
5. It is not allergen and the incidence of allergic diseases is low in infants receiving breast milk.
6. Is Economic
7. Contains many substances that protect the baby from diseases.
8. It contains growth factors that regulate the growth of all organs and systems of the baby, especially the brain tissue.
9. In infants who are breastfed, obesity and coronary heart diseases are less common in the later ages, disorders of jaw and mouth development and dental caries are rare.
10. Reduces the risk of breast cancer in the mother
11. Technologically, a formula equivalent to breast milk cannot be made.


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