Baby Development

Different approaches to kindergarten education

Different approaches to kindergarten education

We have tried to give you three different approaches to education in kindergartens. This week's topic is the third and final approach, Reggio Emilia Education Approach. This approach was first established in 1991 in Reggio Emilia, a town of 130,000 inhabitants in northern Italy. Later on, this approach has become a system of education which has been spread all over Italy and the world, studies on which it is being done and books are published.

Reggio Emili Education Approach:

When we look at the content of the approach…

Social Area:

• Togetherness and cooperation are frequently emphasized values ​​in this program. Children become part of a community and enjoy being together and doing business together.
• Each experience is believed to teach something new and the child is given the opportunity to try something by himself.
• eli Atelierista ”, the person who directs the workshop, is the person who is trained in Reggio Emilia approach and prepares the children's program in line with this education. Each school has at least one atelierista.
• Pedagogues are the main employees of this approach. The system is designed for the benefit of the child under their supervision and the implementation of the system is supported / supervised by pedagogues.

Curriculum Content:

• Documentation is the most important feature of this approach. Both the work of the child and the development of the child are constantly documented and protected, and through these documents, children often have the opportunity to go back and examine what they have learned. In addition, these studies are shared with families and their children's development is laid out in concrete examples.
• After determining the subject of the week in the program, all kinds of activities are designed within the framework of this subject and children are allowed to learn the subject from different angles. For example, if the plants are the subject of the week, all of the studies carried out during the week are based on plants and provide opportunities for children to learn about different plants and their habitats.
• Long term projects and experiments are frequently included.

Environmental Design:

• Environmental regulation is similar to the features of the Montessori approach described earlier.
• Aesthetic appearance is important; it is thought that a place that is aesthetically beautiful will bring both comfort and attention.
• Every child has his own materials. For example, your own closet…
• Some materials are used in classroom design to remind the child of his / her home environment, so that the child will not feel alone and unfamiliar in his / her school by making a connection between the home and the school.

Points specific to this approach:

The fact that pedagogues are involved in preparing curricula and that documentation is a part of education can be mentioned as specific points of this approach.

How do you know when a school really uses the G REGGIO EMILIA TRAINING APPROACH??

This approach is fully applicable only in Italy, and Reggio Emilia approaches in different cultures and countries have emerged only through the adoption of this system to programs implemented in that country. However, taking into account the above-mentioned characteristics, you can review the adaptations they have made and send your child to a school that you think is best.

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