Especially with the beginning of autumn and winter, the diseases that cause cough increase in children. The most important reason for this is due to the increase in infections due to the upper and lower respiratory tract, this increase is observed. Hisar Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist Yunus Nas tells the curious about the subject.
Cough is caused by diseases that affect the airways from the nose to the pleura of the airway. Although it is mostly seen due to infections of these regions, it may be due to non-microbial diseases such as allergic asthma and sarcoidosis. In addition, medications, diaphragm, stomach, esophagus, and some heart diseases, which may affect the lung, can cause cough. ”
How long does the cough last?
Cough is usually less than 2 weeks, which we call acute. Chronic cough lasts more than two weeks and occurs less frequently. Cough is normally a defense mechanism of the body. It is done voluntarily or involuntarily to mechanically remove the factors that affect our respiratory tract. The respiratory tract causes cough due to mechanical (sputum, foreign body escape to the respiratory tract), chemical (drugs, toxic gases). The trachea, the larynx with vocal cords and the large airway, is particularly susceptible to mechanical stimulation and causes a successive cough.
In which diseases does cough occur?
The form of cough is a guide for the location and severity of the disease. In dry cough, the patient does not produce sputum and cough is caused by shaking of vocal cords. This type of cough is mostly seen in pharyngitis, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pulmonary inflammation and tuberculosis which are not sputum-producing infections of the respiratory tract. Age (sputum, productive) cough In addition to the sound in dry cough, the sound produced by sputum is heard. Age cough is seen in pneumonia, especially in the later stages of tuberculosis. Laryngitis, whooping cough, croup, which are affected by cough vocal cords in the form of bark, are also seen and often accompanied by hoarseness. Cough attacks occur in the form of seizures when pertussis and foreign bodies escape the airway.
Why is cough seen in some children for a long time?
Long-term cough, age cough, accompanied by fever suggest a serious cause. Chronic (chronic) cough is often caused by postnasal discharge due to sinusitis, which is more common in allergic children. It is a cough which may cause vomiting, especially in the form of a crisis after bedtime. Reflux, asthma and chronic bronchitis in children are often the cause of chronic cough. Children with cough can be diagnosed firstly by physician control and then by chest radiography, allergy tests and pulmonary function tests according to the cause of cough.
How is the treatment planned?
The treatment of cough varies depending on the disease that causes it. In particular, exposure to cigarettes, night feeding should be prevented as it may cause chronic cough. Since it is laryngitis-croup, especially in children with bark-like cough, it may be beneficial to breathe cold air until they go to the doctor as it will reduce the complaints of cold weather. Humidification should be adjusted as the humidity of the room air may change due to heating in the winter. Since cough is mostly caused by infectious diseases, good nutrition and fluid intake will support the treatment of the disease.
Since children with cough can release droplets by coughing, they should be referred to the school after the doctor has determined that there is no infectious disease.